Research and Education


We are committed to sharing information to make urban forests and green infrastructure thrive. 

Analemma Resources preceded Arbor Drone, and performs applied research for urban green infrastructure. This section includes all work from both Arbor Drone and Analemma Resources.

Areas of study and practice include remote sensing of the urban forest with Unmanned Aerial Systems, ameliorating the urban heat island, mitigating the relationship between trees and solar collectors, improving green infrastructure design, making policy for roadside design for trees, integrating green infrastructure and compact urban design, improving parking lot design, and more. 

Here is how we strive to improve arboriculture, green infrastructure, and urban forestry:






Written Word:

Refereed Journal:

  1. Early Detection of Emerald Ash Borer Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Remote Sensing in an Urban Forest (in prep). Case study of our groundbreaking and successful project in Denver and Boulder.

Trade Journals:

  1. Technology in Tree Care: Don't be left behind (in prep). Where we are and where we are going, with an emphasis on future opportunities.

  2. UAVs and Utility Vegetation Management: Coming soon to a corridor near you (in prep). What's in the near future for Utility Vegetation Management, and how the industry can prepare to take advantage of the technology explosion in this sector.

  3. Wind and Drones in Tree Care: A primer on flying close to trees (in prep). Details and diagrams about flying near trees for arborists and tree care companies.

Spoken Word:


September 26, 2018: The Nuts and Bolts of Drone Arboriculture (pre-conference workshop). The 39th annual Texas Tree Conference. Waco, TX USA.

October 6, 2018: Detecting Emerald Ash Borer with UAVs and Remote Sensing in Denver, Colorado. Society of American Foresters National Convention. Portland, OR, USA.

November 6, 2018: Early Detection of Emerald Ash Borer and Other Pests with Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and the Future of Urban Forestry. Society of Municipal Arborists 54th Annual International Urban Forestry Conference and Trade Show. Irvine, CA, USA.

November 9, 2018: Drones for Arborists: Do they make sense? plus a UAS operation demo. Pacific Northwest ISA Workshop. Spokane, WA, USA.

November 14-15 2018: Health of the Urban Forest from AboveTrees Matter Symposium. Silver Spring, MD, USA.


Diagnosis for urban forest pests



Past Work:


Written Word


Refereed Journals

Staley, D.C. 2013.  Urban Forests and Solar Power Generation - Partners in urban heat island mitigation. International Journal of Low Carbon Technologies 8:3 9 pp.


Proceedings and Symposia

Staley, D.C. 2012.  Rooftop Solar Power and Urban Forests: Coexisting sustainably in cities. IN: Proceedings of The 2012 International Conference on Clean Energy. Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.

Staley, D.C. 2012.  Green Infrastructure, transportation network design, and water quality: applied solutions for implementing water quality policiesIN: Proceedings of The XII International Symposium on Environmental Geotechnology, Energy and Global Sustainable Development. Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Staley, D.C. 2012.  Trees and Solar Power: Coexisting in an urban forest near youIN: Proceedings of The World Renewable Energy Forum. Denver, CO, USA.

Staley, D.C. 2009Increasing Green Infrastructure in Compact Developments: Strategies for providing ecologically beneficial greenery in modern urban built environments. IN: Proceedings of The Second International Conference on Countermeasures to Urban Heat Islands (SICCUHI), Berkeley CA, USA.


White Papers

Staley, D. Haynie, T. and Anderson, L. 2018. Final Report: Early Detection of Emerald Ash Borer Project for the City and County of Denver. Report on outcomes and next steps for EAB monitoring in Denver. 

Musiol, E. Kooles, K. Allen, M and Staley, D. 2012. Balancing Solar Energy Use with Potential Competing Interests.  American Planning Association Briefing Paper. Washington, D.C. 

Staley D.C. 2012. Solar-Smart Urban Forests in the New Energy EconomyWhite paper for the Smart Growth Network's project "The National Conversation on the Future of Our Communities".

Staley D.C. 2012. Green Infrastructure and Transportation Network Design: Applied solutions for modern commercial
commercial roadside design. 
White paper for the Smart Growth Network's project "The National Conversation on the Future of Our Communities".

Benefits of Urban Forests  (awaiting publication) For Casey Trees, Washington, D.C. A literature review of the benefits of urban forests. This literature review continues to be downloaded over a decade later, and is still the most comprehensive review of urban forest benefits performed to date. 


Oaktober tree health assessments and tree care social media from above


Trade Journals

Staley, D.C. 2018. Drones and Arboriculture Today: An Update (Part II). Arborist News. 27:3 pp. 24-27.

Staley, D.C. 2018. Drones and Arboriculture Today: An Update. Arborist News. 27:2 pp. 24-27.

Staley, D.C. 2017 (reprint). Remote Sensing and Assessment of Urban Forests with Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.  The Bark. 19:3 pp 42-46.

Hannah, T. and Staley, D. 2017. A Different Perspective. Lawn & Landscape October 2017.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Making a Business Decision for Drones: What you need to know. Arborist News. 25:5 pp. 22-25.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drone Arboriculture: The business case for your operation? Ontario Arborist. October 2016 pp. 10-13. 

Staley, D.C. 2016. Remote Sensing and Assessment of Urban Forests with Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.  City Trees. 53:1 pp 18-22.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and Arboriculture: Legal requirements and private property rights. Tree Care Industry Magazine. 27:10 pp. 48-50.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drone Arboriculture: Is it right for your operation? Ontario Arborist. June/July 2016 pp 14-19.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and Tree Care: Right for your operation? Tree Care Industry Magazine. 27:7 pp 24-29.

Staley, D.C. 2016. How to Market to the Tree Care Industry and Landscape Industry. sUAS News Special Supplement (August 2016).

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and Tree Care Operations. Tree Services Magazine. 12:4 pp 18-23.

Staley, D.C. 2016. UVM and UAVs: A new way forward. Transmission and Distribution World Magazine. April 2016 pg. 17.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and the future of Utility Vegetation Management. Utility Arborist Newsline. March-April 2016 pp. 31-32. 

Staley, D.C.  2015. Drones & Tree Care: Who is using them, how, and why? Tree Care Industry Magazine 26:12 pp. 8-14.

Staley, D.C. 2014. Your Next Opportunity: Solar-friendly tree care. Tree Care Industry Magazine 25:7 pp. 22-23.  
Staley, D.C. 2014. Solar Rights and Tree Rights are Compatible. Renewable, Alternative and Distributed Energy Resources Newsletter. 2:2 pp. 13-15. American Bar Ass'n, Washington, D.C. 

Hammrich, T. and Staley, D. 2013. Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Arboriculture: Toward new heights. Tree Care Industry Magazine 24:11 pp. 26-31.

DuVivier, K.K. and Staley, D. 2013. Managing the Dark Side of Trees. Solar Today 27:5 pp. 27-31

Staley, D.C. 2013.  Rooftop Solar Power and Arboriculture: Natural Partners (No, Really). Tree Care Industry Magazine 24:6 pp. 36-40.

Staley D.C. 2012. Solar-Smart Arboriculture in the New Energy Economy. Arborist News  20:3 4 pp.  

Spacer Payne Octocopter MicaSense.jpg



Spoken Word




Drones 201: A Primer on Analyzing Drone DataNational Conference on Ecosystem Restoration. August 29, 2018. New Orleans, LA, USA. 

Drones and Arboriculture. Pacific Northwest ISA annual conference. Boise, ID USA. September 17, 2016. Series of two demonstrations for conference and climbing competition attendees in Julia Davis Park, Boise. 

Using Drones in Tree Care: What You Need to KnowISA International Conference 2016. Ft Worth, TX USA. August 13, 2016. Guest speaker: Chad Frazer, North Texas Drone User Group.

Drones for Tree Care Professionals. Pre-conference workshop at the 36th annual Texas Tree Conference. Waco, TX USA. September 30, 2015. Series of 10 sessions for ~280 attendees, with 14 pilots flying unmanned aerial vehicles to demonstrate the capabilities of drones for arboriculture.  Believed to be the largest workshop of its kind held anywhere. 

Trees and Solar Power: Natural Partners (No, really). (2) Davis, CA October 15, 2013 and San Diego, CA USA. October 17, 2013. All day workshops to introduce best practices on site analysis for trees and solar power, in support of upcoming field manual The Manual of Site Analysis for Trees and Rooftop Solar.


Arbor Drone workshops




Maximum Solar at the Heart of Urban ForestsICLEI (International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives) webinar on SunShot Initiatives and best practices. September 18, 2013.

Solar-Friendly Communities. Solar energy and urban forestry: Denver's integrated vision. A webinar in the Colorado Solar Energy Industries Association (COSEIA) webinar series. Presented January 8, 2013.

Environmental Grudge Match: Solar Panels vs. Trees. A session in the Third Thursday Alliance for Community Trees webcast series. Presented May 20, 2010.

SmartGrowth and Urban Forestry- Part II: City Planning. A session in the Third Thursday Alliance for Community Trees webcast series. Presented March 19, 2009.




A Million Trees and A Million Solar Roofs: Can We Have Both?  A collaboration with the Colorado Solar Energy Industries Association (COSEIA). Released January 2013.





Solar Power and Trees Create a Win-Win Team. Shade Magazine 2013, the Magazine of the Georgia Urban Forest Council pp 12-13.


Parking lot design, green infrastructure, and urban design





Drones in Urban Forestry and Grand Junction StoriesRocky Mountain ISA Annual Conference. Grand Junction, CO, USA September 17, 2018.

UAVs and Remote Sensing for the Green Industry: What to know before you start. InterDrone International Drone Conference and Exposition. Las Vegas, NV, USA September 5, 2018.

Drones in Urban & Utility ForestryInternational Society of Arboriculture Annual International Conference and Trade Show. Columbus, Ohio, USA August 6, 2018.

Detecting Emerald Ash Borer with UAVs and Multispectral Sensors in Denver, CO, USAAUVSI XPONENTIAL. Denver, CO, USA May 2, 2018.

Using Drones in Arboriculture. West Coast Chapter of the International Society of Arboriculture annual conference. Santa Rosa, CA, USA April 25, 2018.

Rising Above: Using drones for risk assessmentsCalifornia Tree Failure Report Program annual meeting. Fullerton, CA, USA March 21, 2018.

The Use of Drones for Early EAB Detection and Other Cost Effective Landscape Applications. ProGreen EXPO 2018. Denver, CO, USA February 15, 2018.

Detection of Urban Forest Pests with Remote Sensing and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Denver, CO. American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS) Annual Conference and International LiDAR Mapping Forum. Denver, CO, USA February 7, 2018.

Rising Above: Using drones for risk assessments (presentation and demonstration). California Tree Failure Report Program annual meeting. Filoli Historic House & Garden Woodside, CA, USA January 11, 2018.



Drone Technology for the Turf and Landscape IndustryRocky Mountain Regional Turfgrass Association. Denver, CO, USA. December 7, 2017.

Using Drones and Remote Sensing for Urban Pest Detection. Partners in Community Forestry Conference. Tulsa, OK, USA. November 16, 2017.

FRUFC Mission Update PresentationFront Range Urban Forestry Council. Golden, CO, USA. September 21, 2017.

Multispectral Remote Sensing for Urban Forestry. Mid-Atlantic Remote Sensing Working Group (teleconferenced), Manassas, VA, USA. August 29, 2017.

Emerald Ash Borer IdentificationRocky Mountain Unmanned Aerial Systems Professionals meeting, Broomfield, CO USA. August 16, 2017. 

Pest Detection Using Unmanned Aerial VehiclesInternational Society of Arboriculture 2017 International Conference and Trade Show, Washington DC, USA. August 2, 2017.

Logistics and Possibilities of Drone ArboricultureChicago Region Trees Initiative Conference (teleconferenced). Lisle, IL USA. April 3, 2017.

Are Drones Right For Your Business? Iowa State University Shade Tree Short Course. Ames IA, USA. February 23, 2017.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles for Landscape, Nursery and Greenhouse Operation: Where to Begin? ProGreen Expo Denver, CO USA. February 9, 2017.

Drones in Arboriculture: The business case for purchase or pilotIdaho Horticulture Expo. Boise, ID USA. January 18, 2017.

Drones in the Landscape: What can they do for you? Idaho Horticulture Expo. Boise, ID USA. January 18, 2017.


West of Ash Grove Park.jpg



Drones and Community Forestry: What You Need to KnowPartners in Community Forestry National Conference Indianapolis, IN USA. November 17, 2016.

Utility Vegetation Management, Drones, and the Future: What's coming? Utility Arborist Association annual conference. Indianapolis, IN USA. November 15, 2016.

Drones: A business decision! Tree Care Industry Association EXPO. Baltimore, MD USA. November 12, 2016.

Drones For Tree Care: A new tool in your tool belt. Rocky Mountain ISA Annual Conference Denver, CO USA. October 11, 2016.

Change your Business with Drones. ISA International Conference 2016. Ft Worth, TX USA. August 16, 2016.

The Building Blocks of UAS: Vegetation management. Rocky Mountain Unmanned Aerial Systems meeting Denver, CO USA. June 14, 2016.

Drones and Utility ArboricultureMinnesota Shade Tree Short Course. St Paul, MN USA. March 15 and 16, 2016.


Trees and Solar Collectors: Natural partners (no, really). Ecotech Institute Sustainability Conference. Aurora, CO USA.
October 21, 2015. 

The Not-Too Distant Future: Arboriculture with unmanned aerial vehicles. Texas Chapter ISA Texas Tree Conference
Waco, TX USA. October 1, 2015. 

Planning Policy Guidance for Climate Adaptation: Green infrastructure, human health and urban renewable energy goals. Western Planner Conference. Laramie, WY USA. August 20, 2015. 

Planning for Rooftop Solar Power and Trees: Natural partners (no,really). Western Planner Conference. Laramie, WY USA.
August 19, 2015. 

UAVs and Utility Arboriculture. ISA International Conference 2015. Orlando, FL USA. August 12, 2015.



Partnering Trees with Rooftop Solar. Tree Care Industry Expo 2014. Hartford, CT, USA. November 15, 2014. 

Trees and Rooftop Solar. New California laws and you. 2014 California Urban Forests Council - California ReLeaf annual
conference. San Diego, CA, USA. June 27, 2014. 

Trees and Solar Power: Natural Partners (No, really). 20th International Interdisciplinary Conference on the Environment. Denver, CO, USA. June 14, 2014. 




Solar Energy and Rooftop Energy: The arborist's role.Rocky Mountain Chapter of the International Society of Arboriculture annual conference. Cheyenne, WY, USA. September 26-27, 2013.

Aurora's Urban Ecosystems. For the City of Aurora Open Space Advisory Board. Aurora, CO USA. July 23, 2013.
Arboriculture and Modern Street Design: Making standards safe for trees and Arboriculture and Solar Power: Conflict
Avoidance in the Urban Forest. For the Western Chapter of the International Society of Arboriculture annual conference, Indian Wells CA,  May 7-10 2013.

Solar Power and Urban Forests: Coexisting in a city near you and Green Streets for Green InfrastructureTwo posters for the National Adaptation Forum, Denver CO, April 2-4 2013.


Neighborhood tree assessments for Homeowner Associations (HOAs)



Green Streets: Partnering urban forests and sustainable transportation design. Building partnerships to design transportationnetworks that are friendly to green infrastructure.  For the Partners in Community Forestry National Conference. November 14, 2012. Sacramento, CA USA.
The Harmonious Coexistence of Trees and Solar Panels. Policies and partnerships for the coexistence of trees and rooftop solar power.  For the Georgia Urban Forest Council annual Conference October 24-25, 2012. LaGrange, GA USA

Learning SessionRooftop Solar power and Urban Forests: Strategies for Increasing Renewable Energy and Property Value in Cities. Land-use policies for the coexistence of trees and rooftop solar power.  For the 2012 Urban Land Institute Fall Meeting and Urban Land Expo. October 18, 2012. Denver, CO USA. 

Providing urban forest ecosystem services in a world of rooftop solar energy collection: Applied solutions for a sustainable
A poster of the paper.   For the 4th International EcoSummit 2012 Conference. September 30-October 5 2012. Columbus,  OH USA.

Rooftop Solar Power and Urban Forests: Coexisting sustainably in cities. A presentation of the paper. For the ICCE 2012: International Conference on Clean Energy September 10-12, 2012. Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.

Arboriculture and Solar Power: Coming to an urban forest near you. Policies and design for the coexistence of trees and rooftop solar power.   For the International Society of Arboriculture International Conference and Trade Show. August 13, 2012.   Portland, OR USA. 

Rooftop Solar Power Generation and Urban Forests: Strategies for sustainable coexistence in cities. An extended special session with dialogue and exchange, regarding policies and outreach to ensure the healthy coexistence of trees and rooftop solar panels.  For the 97th annual meeting of the Ecological Society of America, August 6, 2012. Portland, OR USA.

Green Infrastructure, Transportation Network Design and Water Quality: Applied solutions for implementing water
quality policies.
 Comparative implementation of policies and design specifications to increase urban forest canopy cover and ameliorate stormwater effects.   For the XII International Symposium on Environmental Geotechnology, Energy, and Global Sustainable Development. June 27 2012. Los Angeles, CA USA.

Trees and Solar Power: Coexisting in an urban forest near you. Presentation of the conference paper. For the World Renewable Energy Forum 2012 Conference. May 13, 2012. Denver, CO USA.

Stormwater/Bioswale Design and Property Values and Green Infrastructure and Modern Streetscape Design Solutions
For the Missouri Community Forestry Council 19th Annual Conference. March 6-8 2012, Blue Springs, MO USA.


Expand Your Influence: Partnering trees and solar panels. Presented at the Partners in Community Forestry 
Conference November 16, 2011 Orlando, FL, USA.

Resilient Urban Habitats: Urban forest canopy cover, green infrastructure and quality of life.  Presented at  Resilience 2011 Conference March 12, 2011, Tempe, AZ, USA.    




New Opportunities for Expertise: How to take advantage of future development directions.   Presented at the Society of Municipal Arborists 46th Annual Conference & trade show, October 5, 2010,  Albuquerque, NM USA.

New Opportunities for Expertise: Land-use and transportation changes and you.   Presentation to the International Society of Arboriculture Conference & Trade Show, July 23-28 2010, Chicago IL USA. 

Integrating Green Infrastructure into the City: From planning to best practices  Presented at the 2010 New Partners for Smart Growth national conference February 5, 2010. Moderator slides here.



What is Next for Green Infrastructure in Urban Developments: Yes you can. Presented at the 2009 California ReLeaf and CA Urban Forests Council 2009 annual conference October 2, 2009.

Increasing Green Infrastructure in Compact Developments: Strategies for providing ecologically beneficial greenery in modern built environments. Presentation of the conference paper at the Second International Conference on Countermeasures to Urban Heat Islands (SICCUHI),  Berkeley CA USA. Presented September 22, 2009.

Making Room for Green Infrastructure and Utilities. Presented at the 2009  Trees and Utilities National Conference in Dallas, TX April 6-8, 2009.


Volunteer planting project for the urban forest



Advanced Green Infrastructure in Compact Developments  Presented at the 2008 Arbor Day Foundation Partners in Community Forestry NationalConference in Atlanta, GA November 18-20, 2008.

Volunteerism and Governments: Action from the bottom-up and top-down.  Presented with Sara Davis at the 2008 Arbor Day Foundation Partners in Community Forestry National Conference in Atlanta, GA November 18-20, 2008.

The Southwest Quadrant: Stakeholder-ready. Presented at the 2008 APA/ASLA Colorado state conference in Breckenridge,   September 13, 2008. 



Green Infrastructure in New Urbanist Developments Presented at the Partners in Community Forestry national conference, Baltimore MD November 14, 2007.    




Land Use and Physical Activity: Making it happen.  Presented at the 'Let's Walk Pierce County' conference for health professionals on promoting healthy communities via planning May 5, 2006.




Urban Design (all available on iTunes) :   

Sustainable growth conference: March 10, 2010

Solar access: April 7, 2010

Green infrastructure: April 21, 2010

International Society of Arboriculture:    

ArborViews interview on urban forests and the built environment

twitter banner oct 17.jpg